People are always curious about how life on Mars will be, but they can never know once they experience it themselves. According to astrobiology, there is a possibility of life on Mars because of its similarities to the earth.
Till today there is no proof that life on Mars has been lived. NASA had been searching for life on Mars. The surface of the mars does not seem like it to live there. It is dry and cold. It is raining on mars. The atmosphere of Mars is thin and cannot block ultra-violet radiation from space, which would destroy the life of known living things on the planet.
Currently, there is a Mars Exploration program in place run by NASA. The mission statement of the program is as follows:
“The goal of the Mars Exploration Program is to explore Mars and to provide a continuous flow of scientific information and discovery through a carefully selected series of robotic orbiters, landers, and mobile laboratories interconnected by a high-bandwidth Mars/Earth communications network.”
NASA is trying to understand the formation and early evolution of Mars as a planet, the history of geological and climate processes that have shaped Mars through time, the potential for Mars to have hosted life, the future exploration of Mars by humans, and how Mars compares to and contrasts with Earth.
They want to maintain a continuous scientific presence on Mars. They are trying to achieve these goals with continuous improvements in the technical capabilities of robotic Mars missions. It is an important factor as well.
Exploration of Mars is an effort to improve the quality of life on Earth, it will help us to learn about our home planet as well. Mars is different from other planets and it appears that the climate of Mars has changed over its history (like Earth).
Overall, many of the key questions can be addressed effectively by exploring Mars. Many scientists from the US are consistently working and many are submitting their proposals for a grant from NASA.
Results of research activities are published in peer-reviewed publications and presented at scientific conferences. In anticipation of someday sending humans to Mars, NASA has begun searching for suitable locations for humans to land. The agency is looking for locations of high scientific value that would also provide resources to allow human explorers to land, live, and work on Mars. Locally derived natural resources such as water and oxygen are crucial for humans to explore Mars.
Mars is as old as the earth, the images shown by NASA seem like there would be a chance to live there. We can see dry lakes that can indicate that water from the past has flowed there in the images. Mars will be the new place for humans to enjoy.
People always ask one question why Mars? Why not other planets? So to try and answer it the fact is that there are several strategic, practical, and scientific reasons for humans to explore Mars. Among them, we know that Mars is the most accessible place in the solar system. Additionally, exploring Mars provides the opportunity to possibly answer the origin and evolution of life questions, and could someday be a destination for the survival of humankind.